Understanding the Top 4 Types of Penetration Testing

In this age of digitization and the use of modern technology, no business is free from risks and vulnerabilities. No matter how big your IT team is and how many firewalls you have employed on your security network. This is why most organizations engage themselves in penetration testing to evaluate the true picture of their security program. 

A pen test or Penetration testing is a test conducted by your security team or your cyber security solutions in Pakistan provider with an intentional attack planned on your hardware systems and networks. This test is done to expose the inherent security flaws in your IT infrastructure that may result in compromising users’ confidential data.

1. Types of Penetration Testing:

There are different types of penetration testing services, depending on the objectives and purpose of the test. Carrying out these different tests will give you the true picture of how secure your systems or networks are. Here are some of the main types of penetration testing that you can use;

2. Network Service Penetration Testing:

This is usually the most common method of pen tests performed by security experts. After performing threat modelling and intelligence gathering, pen testers perform a series of network tests. Since the network may have internal and external access points, this test can be conducted to exploit internal and external networks. The devices tested during the process can be computers, modems, remote access devices, etc.

3. Application Security Penetration Testing:

This test is performed to test the logical structure of the system. In this test, the attack is simulated to expose the effectiveness of an application’s security controls by classifying risk and vulnerability. The pen testers use different pen testing tools to identify flaws in the security protocols and missing patches or vulnerable holes in externally-facing web applications. They also look for apps that run on internal networks and those that run on end-user devices and remote systems.

4. Cloud Penetration Testing:

 Public cloud services are very much popular these days. Businesses use cloud systems to store and backup all types of data in the cloud. Unfortunately, this makes cloud services a very common target for cybercriminals. 

Performing public cloud pen testing could be a challenging task. This is because these cloud service providers mostly restrict a customer’s access to perform pen tests due to the multi-tenant or shared nature of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). So, you need prior permission from your cloud provider about the off-limits areas. Some of the common testing areas for cloud services include:

  • Computer security
  • Database and storage access
  • Poorly used passwords
  • SSH and RDP remote administration
  • VMs and unpatched Operating Systems 
  • Poorly used firewalls
  • Applications and API access
  • 5. Encryption:

    It may be good to use white box testing and know more about the environment before the testing. Also, if you’re a Microsoft Azure customer, you need to comply with the Microsoft Cloud Unified Penetration Testing Rules of Engagement documentation to initiate pen-testing.

    6. Wireless Penetration Testing:

    This test is performed to identify the vulnerabilities of the various wireless devices connected to the Wi-Fi network. These devices may include items like smartphones, laptops, tablets, notebooks, iPods, etc. Anyone inside the given vicinity of your Wi-Fi connection could “eavesdrop” on the wireless traffic flowing throughout your organization by using a vulnerability in your network. The methodology involved in wireless tests are used to:

  • Determine encryption weaknesses like session hijacking and wireless sniffing
  • Determine user profiles and the credentials used to access private networks
  • Identify all signal leakages, Wi-Fi networks, and wireless fingerprinting
  • Find vulnerabilities in wireless access points, admin credentials, and wireless protocols
  • Find unauthorized hotspots
  • Look for in-secure passwords
  • Identify cross-site scripting
  • Identify Denial of Service (DoS) attacks
  • Performing these different pen tests can help you pinpoint the weak points in your security posture. You can also hire cyber security software solutions for expert penetration testers to perform these tests on your behalf.

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